Social Science English Medium Modal Solved Question Paper Class 8th Annual Exam 2022-23
Objective Type Questions
(Q. 1 to 10)
Q. 1 - Horticulture means-
(A) Growing fruits and vegetables
(B) Primitive agriculture
(C) Growing wheat
(D) None of these
Ans. - (A) Growing fruits and vegetables
Q. 2 - Sort out the odd ones out of these?
(A) Birth rate
(B) Death rate
(C) Natural growth rate
Ans. - (D) Migration
Q. 3 - How did Birsa die in 1900?
(A) Being shot
(B) Due to Plague
(C) Due to Hanging
(D) Due to Cholera
Ans. - (D) Due to Cholera
Q. 4 - Who among the following established a widow's home in Poona?
(A) Tarabai Sinde
(B) Pandita Ramabai
(C) Begum of Bhopal
(D) Jyotirao Phule
Ans. - (B) Pandita Ramabai
Q. 5- The famous Battle of Plassey was fought between Robert Clive and Siraj-ud-daulah in .....
(A) 1857 AD.
(B) 1657 AD.
(C) 1764 AD.
(D) 1757 AD.
Ans. - (D) 1757 AD.
Q. 6 - Which of the following is not included in the Criminal Law?
(A) Divorce dispute
(D) Dowry murder
Ans. - (A) Divorce dispute
Q. 7 - Processes like ginning, cutting, weaving, dyeing and printing are associated with which of the following industries?
(A) Chemical industry
(B) Paper industry
(C) Textile Industry
(D) Steel industry
Ans. - (C) Textile Industry
Q. 8 - Which one of the following is not a public facility?
(A) Health care
(C) Accumulation of food etc.
(D) Public transport
Ans. - (C) Accumulation of food etc.
Q. 9 - What percentage of the following population of India is of tribals?
Ans. - (A) 8
Q. 10 - The mass movement was finally successful in ending the powers of the king.
Ans. - (B) Nepal
Short Answer Type Questions
(Q. 11 to 20)
Q. 11 - Which industry is often called the backbone of modern industry and why?
Ans. - Steel industry is called the backbone of modern industry, because all the things that we consume are either made of iron or steel or made of tools and machines made of these metals.
Q. 12 - According to James Mill, what was the condition of Indian society before British rule?
Ans. - According to James Mill, before the British rule, intolerance, caste discrimination, superstition etc. were spread among the people in the Indian society.
Q. 13 - How does the Indian state distance itself from religion?
Ans. - The reins of the Indian state are neither in the hands of any one religious group nor does the state support any one religion. Government institutions like courts, police stations, government schools and offices in India are not expected to promote or display any particular religion.
Q. 14 - Why did the artisans start running away from the village after the Company acquired the Diwani?
Ans. - After the Company acquired the Diwani, the artisans started fleeing the village, as they were forced to sell their products to the Company at very low prices.
Q. 15 - Why were fundamental rights included in our constitution?
Ans. - Fundamental rights are also called the conscience of the Indian Constitution. These rights protect all the citizens of the country from arbitrary and despotic use of the power of the state. Thus the constitution protects the rights of individuals before the state and other individuals.
Q. 16 - Why is reservation of seats necessary for women in Parliament?
Ans. - Reservation of seats for women in the Parliament is necessary, because their number in the Parliament is only 9 percent, whereas women constitute half of India's population.
Q. 17 - On what basis was Awadh merged?
Ans. - For the merger of Awadh, it was said that the Nawab has spread misrule here and for proper administration it is necessary to have British rule here.
Q. 18 - How do humans create more resources through discovery and invention? explain.
Ans. - Every discovery and invention creates more resources. For example, the invention of the wheel led to the invention of many means of transport, such as bullock carts, buses, trains. The method of cooking and other processes became popular with the discovery of fire.
Q. 19 - Why are farmers in India forced to sell their produce even when they don't want to?
Ans. - Most of the farmers lack storage facilities. So they are forced to sell their products even when they do not suit the market.
Q. 20 - For the last 200 years, what kind of behavior are the state and private industrialists doing with the tribals?
Ans. - Due to economic changes, forest policies and political pressure from state and private industries in the last 200 years, tribals are being forced to work in plantations, construction sites, industries and homes.
Long Answer Type Questions
(Q. 21 to 24)
Q. 21 - What were the economic effects of the First World War on India?
Ans. - The first world war had the following effects on India-
1. Because of this war, there was a huge increase in the defense expenditure of the British Indian government. To meet this expenditure, the government increased taxes on personal income and business profits.
2. Due to the increase in military expenditure and the supply of war material, the prices of essential things have increased.
There was a boom and the life of common people became difficult.
3. This war increased the demand for industrial goods like jute bags, clothes, railway tracks etc. and brought down the imports coming to India from other countries.
4. Indian industries expanded during the war and Indian business groups demanded more opportunities for development.
5. Business groups made substantial profits from the war.
Q. 22 - How are forests useful to us? explain.
Ans. - Forests are useful for us in the following ways-
1. Provide timber.
2. Produce the oxygen we breathe.
3. Protects the soil needed to grow crops.
4. Acts as a protective belt.
5. Help in storage of underground water.
6. We get fruits, latex, turpentine oil, gum, medicinal plants from forests.
Q. 23 - A good constitution protects the basic structure of the country from tainted sentiments. Explain with examples.
Ans. - The Constitution prevents us from taking such decisions, which may hurt the larger principles in which the country believes. For example- many people have started feeling that party politics has become very distorted, so now to correct the eagles, the rule should be handed over to a dictator or there should be military rule. Getting swayed by this sentiment, people would often not be able to realize that in the long run, dictatorial rule would destroy all their interests. A good constitution protects the basic structure of the country from such tainted sentiments.
Q. 24 - Why did James Mill and Thomas Macaulay think that European education was necessary in India?
Ans. - James Mill and Thomas Macaulay used to think so because-
1. He was of the opinion that the aim of education should be to teach only practical and useful things. Therefore, Indians should be made aware of the scientific and technological developments that have taken place in the West.
2. According to Macaulay, India was an uncivilized country, which needed to be civilized.
3. According to him, the knowledge contained in the books kept in a single shelf of the European library is more than the knowledge of the entire vernacular literature of India and Arabia. He believed that no branch of oriental knowledge could compare with the knowledge that England had produced.
4. He realized that a knowledge of the English language would give Indians the opportunity to read some of the best literature in the world. It will also make them aware of the development of western science and philosophy.
I hope the above information will be useful and important.
(आशा है, उपरोक्त जानकारी उपयोगी एवं महत्वपूर्ण होगी।)
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