Language Acquisition and elements of language Acquisition || Factors affecting language acquisition
What is language 'Acquisition'?
Language Acquisition as the name suggests, the qualities within a child to learn the language by which the child acquires the language. In other words, the abilities of the child, on the basis of which the child acquires the language or what are the means for teaching language to a child by which the child can easily acquire the language. p>
Elements to acquire language
What are the qualities necessary for a child to grasp the language quickly. These elements are as follows.
(1) Intelligence - The greater the intelligence within a child, that is, the higher the mental level of the child, the greater will be the child's receptivity.
(2) senses- For a child to receive language, it is necessary that all his senses like tongue, ear, eyes everything should work properly. Without these, the child would not be able to grasp the language properly. If a child is dumb, how is it possible to develop language in him? Similarly, if a child is deaf who cannot hear, how can he receive language? Therefore language acquisition depends on all the senses of the child.
(3) Environment - A child's language acquisition depends on his surroundings or environment. It is not possible to teach him without the environment. It is very easy to teach the child by creating the right environment.
(4) Child's curiosity- The acquisition of language in a child will be only when that child is curious, that is, he is ready to do every task. Along with this, it is also necessary to have a strong desire to know something. For this, the teacher can awaken the curiosity and curiosity in the children.
Factors to increase child acquisition
Increasing the receptivity of the child to teach is of utmost importance, without which the child's learning is not possible. These factors can be-
(1) Encouragement - The child's acquisition depends on the teacher's or parent's encouragement. Because the child likes to do more of those tasks which are encouraged to do.
(2) Appreciation- Another factor is praise of children. On many occasions it is seen that children do more work in which they are praised. They stop doing those things in which they get reprimanded. Therefore, it is very important to praise the student to promote learning.
(3) Children's food - To increase receptivity in children, it is very important to pay attention to their food because some children are physically weak due to which. Because of this, their mental development is also blocked, which affects their acquisition. For this reason, apart from the students living in rural areas, the Government of India has made arrangements for adequate mid-day meals in the schools of urban areas, so that the children get sufficient amount of nutrients and their receptivity remains intact.
In Anganwadi centers, children are given food twice so that their body remains strong and their receptivity is good.
(4) Sports and Exercise- To increase the receptivity of children, young children should be given the opportunity to play and exercise. Although there is a natural tendency to play sports in children, yet more opportunities for sports should be provided to the children by the teacher or parents. At present, emphasis is being given to children to learn through play.
(5) Environment - It is absolutely necessary to create that kind of environment in which we want to give knowledge to the child. However, in any case, the child keeps on learning, if we do not pay attention to the environment or environment of the child, then he will also learn things from a different area. The child's environment has a major impact on the receptiveness of a subject.
Factors influencing children Acquisition
Although the same factors affect a child's language learning, the same factors affect the child's language acquisition. eg-
(i) Behavior of parents and teachers.
(ii) Food of the child.
(iii) Sports and exercise.
(iv) Environment of the child.
(V) Momentum of the child.
(vi) Speech defect of the child.
(vii) Physical and mental health of the child.
(x) Age of the child.
The above elements affect the child's receptivity.
Efforts by the teacher to increase the language receptivity in the child-
(1) Teacher's behavior should be polite, simple and forgiving.
(2) The teacher should teach each child individually.
(3) The teacher should give opportunity to every student to work.
(4) Continuously monitor the pace of learning of the child.
(5) If a child is suffering from any disease and is facing difficulty in learning, then inform his parents immediately.
(6) Make children play through games and activities.
(7) To learn the language, give children some tasks to practice at home.
(8) At the school level, competitions like Bal-Sabha, Children's Seminar, Antakshari, Competition, Poetry Recitation, Drama, Puzzle Boojna should be organized. Due to which interest will be awakened in the child and he will start moving towards learning, which will increase his receptivity.
(9) The school environment and the school surrounding should be attractive so that the child develops urge to learn new things.
(10) The teacher should develop skills with the help of activities keeping the teaching child-centred to enhance his teaching qualitatively.
(11) By increasing the tendency towards learning in the child through poetry, story, drama etc., the teacher can develop the ability to learn in the child.
(12) arouse interest in learning in the child.
In this way receptivity of children can be improved on the basis of above activities.
I hope the above information will be useful and important.
(आशा है, उपरोक्त जानकारी उपयोगी एवं महत्वपूर्ण होगी।)
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